(1) This would amend Florida Constitution Article VII, Section 4 (Taxation; assessments) and Section 6 (Homestead exemptions). It also would amend Article XII, Section 27, and add Sections 32 and 33, relating to the Schedule for the amendments.
(2) In certain circumstances, the law requires the assessed value of homestead and specified non-homestead property to increase when the just value of the property decreases. Therefore, this amendment provides that the Legislature may, by general law, provide that the assessment of homestead and specified non-homestead property may not increase if the just value of that property is less than the just value of the property on the preceding January 1, subject to any adjustment in the assessed value due to changes, additions, reductions, or improvements to such property which are assessed as provided for by general law.
(3) This amendment reduces from 10 percent to 5 percent the limitation on annual changes in assessments of non-homestead real property.
(4) This amendment also authorizes general law to provide, subject to conditions specified in such law, an additional homestead exemption to every person who establishes the right to receive the homestead exemption provided in the Florida Constitution within 1 year after purchasing the homestead property and who has not owned property in the previous 3 calendar years to which the Florida homestead exemption applied.
(5) This amendment also delays until 2023, the repeal, currently scheduled to take effect in 2019, of constitutional amendments adopted in 2008 which limit annual assessment increases for specified non-homestead real property. This amendment delays until 2022 the submission of an amendment proposing the abrogation of such repeal to the voters.
A YES means the assessed value of a homesteaded property in the state cannot increase if its fair market value decreases and non-homesteaded or commercial property may only increase in assessed value up to 3 percent per year. A YES also means the property tax rate will be lowered to 10 percent on rental properties and 5 percent on commercial properties. Finally, a YES means another homestead exemption will be created for first-time home buyers equal to 50 percent of the median home price in the county.
A NO means assessed values of properties may increase regardless of whether the fair market value decreases.
Measure TypeLegislatively-Referred Constitutional Amendment